Guinea Pig Care

Are you considering adopting a Guinea pig? If so, this is a great time to do it: March is officially Adopt A Rescued Guinea pig month! These little furballs can make very sweet and charming pets, and are suitable for mature children. In this article, a North Las Vegas, NV vet discusses some key points of caring for Guinea pigs, which are also sometimes called cavies.

Cozy Cage

Providing your cavy with a comfy cage is very important. A wire cage with a solid bottom is a good choice. For one Guinea pig, pick a cage that offers at least 7.5 square feet of space. Guinea pigs like roommates, so you can house same-sex pairs together. Of course, if you get more than one cavy, you’ll need a bigger cage. Be sure to add a suitable substrate. You can use fleece, aspen, or paper-based products. Avoid substrates made from pine or cedar, as these are toxic to small animals. Your furry pal will also need a hidey-hole, food dishes, and a water bottle. Guinea pigs can be litterbox trained, so you may want to get a small litter pan as well.

Good Food

Proper nutrition is crucial to your pet’s health. Your cavy should have plenty of fresh grass hay, such as Timothy hay. For breakfast and dinner, your furry friend can have commercial food, such as pellets. You’ll want to supplement these things with fresh produce. Include plenty of foods that contain Vitamin C, as this essential nutrient is crucial to your cavy’s health. Ask your vet for specific nutritional recommendations.


Guinea pigs are very frisky. They also need to chew constantly to keep their teeth healthy. Provide your tiny furball with lots of fun playthings, including plenty of chewable toys. You can get great cavy toys in stores, or you can make your own out of wood, paper, or cardboard. Just remember to put safety first: never offer your pet items with sharp edges or small pieces, or anything covered in varnish, paint, or dye. Ask your vet for more information.


Cavies need love, too! To gain your Guinea pig’s trust, talk to him gently, and pet him. Offer him supervised time outside his cage each day, and play with him regularly.

Do you have any questions or concerns about Guinea pig care? Contact us, your North Las Vegas, NV animal hospital, anytime.

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